Jackfruit seed as a source of protein-rich supplementary food

In developing countries, malnutrition is caused owing to inadequate consumption of protein. To minimize this malnutrition, exploration and evaluation of non-conventional cheap protein sources is important. The utilization of jackfruit seeds as protein-rich supplementary food source could be one of the best solutions in this regard. It could be used in balanced diets and functional foods without any concern for health risk (Gupta et al., 2011). The jackfruit seed may be blended with wheat flour to explore a low cost alternative raw material for bakery and confectionary products (Burkill, 1985).

A Protein supplementary food is the food that provides protein which may not be consumed in sufficient quantities. Cake is a common and popular food among people especially to children. Therefore, it is a convenient food on the way to protein supplementation and consumption in human body. Incorporation of jackfruit seed flour in the preparation of cake will bring new taste and flavor. But taste, color and aroma is not enough for the acceptability of a food to people. Besides these, microbial quality is the most important characteristics of a food to be safe to eat. Lectins, the carbohydrate binding proteins of jackfruit seeds, have potential antimicrobial activities (Nair et al., 2013).

Among the nutrients, protein plays a significant role in human body. Next to water, protein is the major component of body tissues (Lukaski, 1987). It is the essential nutrient for growth. In the human body, proteins are broken down into amino acids which are used as precursors to nucleic acids, co-enzymes, hormones, immune response, cellular repair, and other molecules essential for life.

References:

Gupta, D., Mann, S., Sood, A., Gupta, R. K. 2011. Phytochemical, nutritional and antioxidant activity evaluation of seeds of jackfruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.). International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. 2: 336-345.

Burkill, H. M., 1985. Entry for Adenodolichos paniculatus (Hua) Hutch. & Dalz. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Kew, UK, 125-140.

Nair, S. S., Madembil, N. C., Nair, P., Raman, S. Veerabadrappa, S. B. 2013. Comparative analysis of the antibacterial activity of some phytolectins. International Current Pharmaceutical Journal. 2: 18-22.

Lukaski, H. C. 1987. Methods for the assessment of human body composition: traditional andnew. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 46: 537-556.

About Md. Shafiul Islam

I have been working as an Assistant Professor since May 26, 2015.My research profile lies at the interface of biomaterial science, life sciences and engineering. I am particularly interested in the design of bionanocomposite materials for relevant clinical applications, e.g. in the context of fabricating and testing biocomposite materials to study the biocompatibility with human body to repair bone tissue. I joined as a lecturer at Noakahli Science and Technology University in May 26,2013. During my working as a Lecturer, I did research on waste water treatment. In connection to this, I applied nanotechnology to treat water as well as waste water. Prior to joining the Noakhali Science and Technology University , I joined as a Scientific Officer in Drug & Toxins Lab as well as Polymer Chemistry Lab at Bangladesh Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (BCSIR).Before doing scientific works, I did M.S. thesis work in the Institute of Polymer & Radiation Technology. I completed my undergraduate studies in Applied Chemistry & Chemical Engineering ( University of Dhaka, Bangladesh) and gained my M.S. in the same department, under the supervision of Professor Dr. Mohammed Mizanur Rahman (University of Dhaka, Bangladesh), where he investigated the effect of reinforcement of nano-materials into bio-polymer composite, morphology and the effect of bacteria in the bio-composite. . I achieved Dean's Award in recognition of my excellent academic and oerall performance in B.Sc. In Bangladesh,I was shortlisted for National Science & Technology (NST) Fellowship and was successful in securing funding from Ministry of Science & Technology, in collaboration with Professor Dr.Mohammed Mizanur Rahman, University of Dhaka, towards the manufacture of medical devices that are resistant to microbial colonization. I have authored 6 research papers and 1 conference paper (h-index: 2).

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