Beneficial effects of Biopolymer:
The polymer which accounts for the existence among living beings ultimately decompose as well as degrade into environment is called biopolymer. Biopolymer is the greatest part of the animal and plant kingdom. From this point of view, protein, a major part of all living animals, is a biopolymer as well as DNA (Deoxyriboneuclic acid), the most common carrier of characteristics of animals, is also a biopolymer. On the other hand, cellulose is the crucial part of all plants. It is most abundant on earth.
We have acknowledged with biopolymer recently but these polymers have been existed on earth for billions of years. Thereby, biopolymers are somewhat older than synthetic polymers.
Some examples of biopolymer other than protein and cellulose stated above are listed below-
Polysaccharides (such as glycogen, starch etc)
Beneficial effects of biopolymer
1.All living organisms produce biopolymers which decompose consequently into the environment due to the interaction of these polymers with microorganisms-a vital part of living organisms.
2.Biopolymer decreases environmental pollution because the carbon-di-oxide, produced by biodegradation of these polymers, finally consumed by plants for photosynthesis.
3.Biopolymers reduce dependency on non-renewable fossil fuels. It mostly reduces the deleterious effects of plastic use on the environment. Biopolymers ultimately restrict the use of fossil fuel.
Jackfruit is the most popular tropical fruit with high nutritional value. It is the largest edible fruit in earth. Jackfruit pulp is eaten fresh and used in fruit salads (Bose, 1985). But jackfruit seeds are less popular as vegetable and are eaten when boiled or roasted. These are believed to be digested with difficulty (Siddappa, 1957). The nutrient composition of jackfruit seed is similar to that of grains. The seeds are rich source of carbohydrates and proteins and good source of fiber and vitamins (Rahman et al., 1995). The nutritional composition of seeds can be determined by proximate analysis and mineral quantification (Jagadeesh et al., 2007).
Proximate analysis divides the food into six fractions as moisture, ash, crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre and nitrogen-free extractives (Abedin et al., 2012). Among the nutrients, protein plays a significant role in human body. Next to water, protein is the major component of body tissues (Lukaski, 1987). It is the essential nutrient for growth. In the human body, proteins are broken down into amino acids which are used as precursors to nucleic acids, co-enzymes, hormones, immune response, cellular repair, and other molecules essential for life. Jackfruit seed protein contains both essential and non-essential amino acids which impart their specific function in a great extent to human body (Elango, 2009).